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Greek Mythology

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The legends of Greek mythology are made up of myths and the teachings of the ancient Greeks god and goddesses and their heroes. These are some of the main Greek Gods.

God #1: Zeus

 Zeus is the god of the sky, lightning, and thunder. Zeus is also the king of the Olympians. Zeus is the wife of Hera and is secretly dating other women. His parents are Rhea and Cronus. He overthrew Cronus. He got to be the king by drawing sticks with Hades and Poseidon. His Roman name is Jupiter

God #2: Apollo

Apollo is the god of the sun, music, and archery. He is the twin of Artemis. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. His animal is the dolphin. His Roman name is Phoebus.

God #3: Hades

Hades is the god of wealth, the underworld, and death. Hades is the oldest son of Cronus and Rhea. Hades and his brothers, Zeus and Poseidon, defeated their father and the Titans to end their reign, claiming rulership over the cosmos. They agreed to split their rule, with Zeus becoming the god of the skies, Poseidon, god of the sea, and Hades god of the underworld. Hades is married to Persephone. His Roman name is Pluto.

God #4: Poseidon

Poseidon is the god of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses. His symbols are trident, dolphin, horse, bull, and fish. His mother and father are Cronus and Rhea.  He is married to Amphitrite. His brothers are Zeus and Hades. His Roman name is Neptune

God #5: Hephaestus

Hephaestus was the god of fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture.  He is the smithing god, making all of the weapons for Olympus and acting as a blacksmith for the gods His parents are Zeus and Hera. When he was a baby, Hera took one look at him and threw him off Mt. Olympus because he was so ugly. Hephaestus landed in the ocean. Some sea nymphs found him, took him and raised him as their own. As Hephaestus grew, he made the sea nymphs beautiful necklaces and bracelets. One day Hera saw one of the sea nymphs’ necklaces and demanded to know who made it. The sea nymph told her and Hera instantly regretted her actions. When Hephaestus asked for a seat on Mt. Olympus, Hera gladly lets him have one.

God #6: Ares

Ares is the god of war, blood, bloodshed, and violence. His symbols are a sword, spear, dog, shield, helmet, chariot, a flaming torch, vulture, and boar. His parents are Zeus and Hera.

God #7: Hermes

Hermes is the god of traveling, trade, thieves, travelers, sports, athletes, border crossing, boundaries, and transitions. His parents are Zeus and Maia. He is the messenger god. His symbols are the caduceus, winged sandals, and a winged hat.

God #8: Dionysus

Dionysus is the god of wine, grapes, and winemaking. His symbols are the bull, ivy, serpent, tiger, and wine.His Roman name is Bacchus. His parents are Zeus and Semele. He is the only god to have a mortal parent.

Goddess #9: Hera

Hera is the goddess of marriage, woman, birth, and the heavens. Hera is the wife and sister of Zeus, king of the gods. Her Roman name is Juno. Her symbols are cattle, peafowl, pomegranate, lion, diadem, sacred lotus, lily, scepter, feather, cuckoos, and a black panther. Her parents are Rhea and Cronus.

Goddess #10: Athena

Athena is the goddess of wisdom, the smart side of war, and weaving. Her mother and father are Zeus and Metis. Her symbols are the owl, olive tree, snake, spear, sword, Aegis, and chariot. Her Roman name is Minerva.

Goddess #11: Aphrodite

Aphrodite is the goddess of love. She was born of Ouranos’ blood and seafoam when Cronus killed him. Her symbols are the rose, dove, golden apple, and heart.

Goddess# 12: Persephone

Persephone is the goddess of spring and fertility.  Her mom is Demeter, the goddess of nature. She is stuck in the Underworld for part of the year because Hades wanted her as his queen. Demeter swore on the river Styx that no plants would grow as long as Persephone was missing. Hades agreed to let her live in the Underworld part-time, so whenever she is in the Underworld, Demeter makes it winter and nothing grows on Earth.

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One Response to “Greek Mythology”

  1. Graham on February 1st, 2018 11:01 am


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